Skin diseases treatment

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Skin diseases treatment

Skin Diseases Treatments

Hundreds of skin conditions can affect us. The most common can cause similar symptoms, so learning what distinctions to look out for can be key.

Skin conditions contribute 1.79%Trusted Source of the global burden of disease worldwide. And the American Academy of Dermatology Association reports that 1 in 4 people in the United States have a skin disease.

While learning to tell one condition from another can help a person provide home care, it can be crucial to receive a diagnosis and treatment from a healthcare professional, such as a dermatologist.

Below are some common skin conditions, organized by how long they last, when they develop, and which areas they affect. When possible, we also describe how these conditions appear in skin of different tones.

Lasting conditions: A number of skin conditions can last throughout life. Some may begin in childhood and continue into adulthood. In some cases, the symptoms are not always present but flare up at certain times.

1)   Seborrheic dermatitis: Many treatments can help ease the symptoms. Treating seborrheic dermatitis may involve using special shampoo and applying medicated cream to the affected skin.

2)   Moles: Moles are growths that form when skin cells bunch together with surrounding tissue. Most are called “common moles” and cause no harm. Many people have moles, and a person may have as many as about 40 moles throughout their body. Check moles regularly for any changes in their appearance, such as an increase in size or change in color. Anyone who notices changes should let their doctor know so that they can screen for skin cancer.

3)   Rosacea: Rosacea most commonly causes redness on the face. In people with dark skin, the affected area may be darker and warmer than surrounding skin. There is no known cure for rosacea. Doctors treat the symptoms with topical or oral anti-inflammatory medications.

4)   Lupus: It is a complex autoimmune disorder. It causes inflammation and pain, and the specific effects can vary from person to person. Treatments for lupus include medications and alternative medicine.

5)   Psoriasis: It is an autoimmune disorder. Symptoms typically include itchy patches of skin with an unusual appearance. Areas of skin affected by psoriasis can vary in size and severity. In a person with white skin, the affected areas are typically red or pink with white scales. African Americans may have patches that are violet, gray, or dark brown. They may be more difficult to see.

6)   Eczema: It may cause rashes on or around the face, scalp, elbows, neck, wrists, ankles, or legs. The rashes are very itchy and may become bumpy, change color, or thicken. In adults, the rashes may cover more of the body, leading to widespread dry, itchy areas. The symptoms may be less noticeable in people with darker skin, compared with those who have lighter skin. However, in People of Color, eczema can cause discoloration, making the affected areas lighter or darker. This may last, even after the eczema symptoms are no longer present. There is no known cure for eczema. It may resolve on its own, but medications that relieve the symptoms are available.

7)   Vitiligo: It causes a loss of pigmentation. There are a few types, but vitiligo generally causes white patches to appear on the skin, usually in areas exposed to sunlight. People with vitiligo often lose their hair color early, as well.

Temporary conditions

Some skin conditions resolve with time or with the right course of treatment.

1) Acne: Acne is one of the most widespread skin conditions. Any person can get acne. People of Color may also develop dark spots, known as post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, as a result. People can typically treat acne with medication. For females, this may involve hormonal therapy, in some cases. Light therapy may also be effective.

2) Hives: Hives are itchy, raised welts. They may be pinkish or reddish in people with lighter skin. An allergic reaction is usually responsible, though stress, illness, and friction, such as from tight clothes, can be the cause.

3) Warts: The human papillomavirus, better known as HPV, causes warts, which are contagious. These bumps can appear on any part of the body, typically on the hands, feet, and joints. They tend to be the color of a person’s skin or are darker. Warts sometimes go away on their own, but a dermatologist may recommend removing them, depending on their type and location.

4) Fungal nail infection: This involves an overgrowth of fungus near, under, and around the nails. Usually, it affects the toenails.

The nails’ edges may crumble away, and their surfaces may have whitish-yellowish scaling and flaking.

Different types of fungi can cause this infection, and the treatment may depend on the type. Doctors can prescribe oral or topical medications. In some cases, they may need to remove the affected nail.


5) Cold sore: cold sore is a red, fluid-filled blister. These blisters usually appear near the mouth, and the affected skin may feel painful or delicate. Before the blisters appear, there may be itchiness or a burning sensation. The herpes simplex virus causes cold sores, which may last for up to 2 weeks, then return periodically. While there is no cure, various treatments can reduce outbreaks.

6) Candidiasis: The overgrowth of the Candida albicans fungus causes this issue, and when it affects the skin, it is called cutaneous Candidiasis or cutaneous Moniliasis. The areas may be irritated and have lesions or small pustules. Candidiasis typically develops in skin folds, such as the armpit or around the groin. Sometimes, it affects the face. People can usually prevent Candidiasis by boosting their skin hygiene and avoiding the overuse of antibiotics. To treat it, doctors may prescribe antifungal and corticosteroid creams.

7) Athlete’s foot: Athlete’s foot is a fungal infection. The fungus responsible thrives in warm, damp conditions, such as inside sneakers. Symptoms may include dry, itchy, peeling skin. There can also be blisters and bleeding, and the skin between the toes or under the foot may be soggy, pale, cracked, or scaly. Doctors usually treat athlete’s foot with antifungal creams or sprays.

Summary: Some skin conditions are harmless, while others can cause discomfort and distress, among other symptoms. It is important to remember that no one has to deal with their skin issues alone. Teaming up with a doctor, such as a dermatologist, can help ensure a correct diagnosis the best possible treatment plan. So please visit us at one of  Dr.Amr Gafar's Centers.  




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